Industrial complexes and buildings that lack the basic requirements of the water criteria by regulatory standards to prevent a scenario wherein the emergency of a fire outburst would be sustainably dealt with, there arises a need for fire water tanks. These are used by firefighting agents against fire outbreaks in such low adequate water spaces. There are a variety of ways in which these tanks are utilized with sprinklers and foam systems too in airport hangars. They depend and vary from situation to situation, but at the core the main purpose of these tanks is to stop a fire.
The storage of fire extinguishing water tanks has a crucial part to play in the safety and security of the environment and its surroundings. Any commercial space devoid of water supply is usually not capable of extinguishing fire in the unlikely event of an outburst happening. In these places, certain guidelines are set by local governance and authorities to have sufficient amounts of water holding tanks also known as fire-fighting water tanks. These firewater tanks must be available to offer protection to the area and the immediate vicinity it surrounds itself with. Both underground and above-ground fire water storage tanks can be used to combat fire.
Points to Note for Fire Fighting Water Tanks:
- Fire water tanks are designed as self-supporting covered above-ground cylindrical tanks. A standard holding water capacity of these tanks’ ranges between volumes of 4,500 m³ and more. For obvious reasons, the building establishments and the fire water tank must not be more than 100m far from each other in distance.
- Enameled tanks contain many layers with its multi coated enameled protection which is immersible. The thickness and guard the tank from fire not affect the inside and it is great to extinguish fire no matter how aggressive the outside environment is.
- Fire Water tanks are engineered and built in such a way that they are extremely sturdy, firm and have impeccable stability.
- The Design: Fire water storage tanks are a challenge to both fire fighters and tank operators. The fire protection design blueprint for labelled tanks that fit the norm set by operator guidelines have to be strictly followed by the tank designers, however selection of the right combination mixture of design elements like material, connectors, and flow dynamics. Many factors have to be considered like cost, effectiveness and overall adherence to authority regulations. The type of design these tanks have, the layout, the spacing and the construction design of these tanks is most important as it can be the difference between a lifesaving tank or a deadly disaster.
- The permit license issued to all authorities regarding the installation must be met prior to the actual installation of the fire water tank. Since these tanks are different from normal water storage tanks, they need special approval and guidelines need to be followed. The design and size of the fire water tank must be aligned in proportion to the distribution to water supply in that particular region. This step is mandatory and can vary from region to region.
- The connection lines from the fire water storage tank should be appropriate to fire department connections and be easily accessible on the tanks itself for immediate supply of sprinkler system tubes which help dose off the fire with force of water that ensures a firefighting response to the emergency in that particular area.
- The fire water tank needs to be readily available at the firefighter’s disposal in case of an emergency, for this reason stainless steel water tanks possess great sustainability and durability as its outer surface is safeguarded from harsh weather conditions.
- Glass Fused Steel tanks (GFS) also known as Glass Lined Steel tanks (GLS) are a mixture of Stainless steel and glass material. This combination makes for a better option than normal stainless-steel tanks as the glass acts as a reinforcement. Glass-Steel tanks are more often seen around oil, liquid gas storage facilities. Again, these tanks also have enamel fitted into the panels which give it a shiny, smooth texture. The double protection helps the tank withstand any damages and provide abrasion resistance.
- There are different grades of material, they are of higher and lower quality. The higher the grade of the tanks, the higher the durability of its usage. In matters concerning security and safety of lives, utmost measures must be taken, protocols must be followed and the timely audits for inspections must be done to ensure if the tanks are at par with their initial installations, The highest grade is “Zincalume Steel”, which lasts at least four times stronger in lasting than normal galvanized steel.
- The Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 states static tanks as the primary source to be used by fire fighters in towns and cities where they are more accessible. They also mention the use of submersible pumps if required for terrace tanks.